The Breed Standard

Published with kind permission from The Kennel


The Kennel Club currently includes
the following advice on its website;
‘Beware of claims that puppies are a rare or exclusive colour
and often on sale at inflated prices.

Often these colours are not correct,
not recognised in the breed and should be considered highly undesirable’.

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes
the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance including
the correct colour of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit
for function. Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges
should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or
exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health,
welfare or soundness of this breed. From time to time certain
conditions or exaggerations may be considered to have the potential
to affect dogs in some breeds adversely, and judges and breeders
are requested to refer to the Kennel Club website:

for details of any such current issues.
If a feature or quality is desirable it should only be present
in the right measure. However if a dog possesses a feature, characteristic
or colour described as undesirable or highly undesirable it is
strongly recommended that it should not be rewarded in the show

General Appearance.

Symmetrical, balanced, active, powerful, level mover; sound with
kindly expression.

Characteristics. Biddable, intelligent and possessing
natural working ability.

Temperament. Kindly, friendly and confident.

Head and Skull. Balanced and well chiselled, skull broad
without coarseness; well set on neck, muzzle powerful, wide and
deep. Length of foreface approximately equals length from well
defined stop to occiput. Nose preferably black.

Eyes. Dark brown, set well apart, dark rims.

Ears. Moderate size, set on approximate level with eyes.

Mouth. Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete
scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth
and set square to the jaws.

Neck. Good length, clean and muscular.

Forequarters. Forelegs straight with good bone, shoulders
well laid back, long in blade with upper arm of equal length
placing legs well under body. Elbows close fitting.

Body. Balanced, short-coupled, deep through heart. Ribs
deep, well sprung. Level topline.

Hindquarters. Loin and legs strong and muscular, good
second thighs, well bent stifles. Hocks well let down, straight
when viewed from rear, neither turning in nor out. Cow-hocks
highly undesirable.

Feet. Round and cat-like.

Tail. Set on and carried level with back, reaching to
hocks, without curl at tip.

Gait/Movement. Powerful with good drive. Straight and
true in front and rear. Stride long and free with no sign of
hackney action in front.

Coat. Flat or wavy with good feathering, dense water-resisting

Colour. Any shade of gold or cream, neither red nor mahogany.
A few white hairs on chest only, permissible.

Size. Height at withers: dogs: 56-61 cms (22-24 ins);
bitches: 51-56 cms (20-22 ins).

Faults. Any departure from the foregoing points should
be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault
should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree
and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog, and on
the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

Note. Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles
fully descended into the scrotum.

©The Kennel Club